According to Hindu mythology, Devaki is a mother goddess mentioned in the Puranic literature and epic. She is the wife of mythological King Vasudeva. She had eight children and including being the biological mother of the famous Balrama and Krishna. She is the daughter of Devaka who is the younger brother of the King of Mathura named Ugrasena. Also Devaki is regarded as partial incarnation of goddess Aditi and is the mother of all the Devas.
Goddess Devaki and her husband, Vasudeva were imprisoned by Devaki’s brother Kansa because of a prophecy that the eighth son of Devaki will kill Kansa.
One day Kansa took King Vasudeva and Devaki in a chariot in order to move around the city. At that time they heard a voice which said that the eighth child of Devaki and Vasudeva will be reason of Kansa’s death. Being frightened, Kansa decided to kill his sister Devaki at that instant, but King Vasudeva begged to spare her life. Kansa told that he would kill all the child given birth by Devaki and King Vasudeva had to other option other than accepting the statement.
Because of this prophecy, Kansa killed their first six sons one after another. Devaki was unable to accept the loss of her child and cried to Garga, the family preceptor. Garga advised Devaki to pray to goddess Durga. So Devaki requested the sage to perform Puja to goddess Durga on her behalf. Accordingly the sage started performing Puja.
Later on Balrama was the seventh son and Kansa would have killed him also if he had not been transferred to the womb of Rohini. Rohini was the second wife of King Vasudeva. Instead a female child, who was an incarnation of goddess Yoga Nidra, was placed in Devaki’s womb.
When the eighth son of Devaki was born at midnight, he was taken across the river Yamuna by his father Vasudeva to be raised by Nanda and Yasoda who resided in a neighbouring village named Gokul. The eighth son born to Vasudeva and Devaki was later on popularity as Krishna. Krishna is a considered to be the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In exchange of Krishna, Yashoda’s new born girl child was brought to Mathura by King Vasudeva. Kansa tried to destroy the girl child, but the child flew out of the hands of Kansa and reformed into an eight armed goddess. After that she warned Kansa that the agent of his death has already taken birth on this earth and is safe. When both the divine sons of Devaki and Vasudeva Krishna and Balrama grew up, they returned to Mathura and killed the despotic King Kansa. Subsequently Lord Krishna freed his parents King Vasudeva and Devaki along with his grand uncle Ugrasena who were locked up by Kansa. After the death of Kansa, Vasudeva and Devaki moved to Dwarka along with the remaining population of Mathura.
Devaki Krishna Sansthan Temple is situated in Goa, a state of India. This temple is unique and is perhaps the only temple in India where Krishna is worshipped alongside his mother Devaki. The idol of Devaki is positioned to stand by holding baby Krishna with left hand.