India is a land of Festivals. Many festivals are celebrated here with great grandeur. Each of the festival has a religious or mythological significance behind it. Diwali is one of them which is regionally known as “Deepawali” and it is one of the most colourful, sacred and popular festivals of the Hindus. The festival marks the happy return of lord Rama to Ajodhya after his fourteen year’s exile with his wife and brother. Diwali is the festival of lights and it marks the victory of truth over evil and light over darkness. It comes every year after a few days of Dusshera festival and it marks the beginning of winter. The festival lends charms and delight to our lives.
Diwali is the festival of lights. It is the day where are lamps are lit in each and every household. Few days before the festival of Diwali all the shops, houses and temples are properly cleaned, they are whitewashed and sometimes painted and then decorated very nicely. Flowers, pictures, rangolis are the used in decorating each and every part of India. The houses are decorated with lots of lights and the cities and villages of India look amazing during this time. The day marks the day of the victory of lights over darkness and says that darkness can only be wiped away with the help of light.
On the day of the Diwali people put on new clothes and all are in a happy holiday mood. The buildings are decorated with candles, lights and bulbs. The city looks very colourful and it is overcrowded. People prepare sweets and other delicious food at home, they buy gifts for their friends and relatives and all gather at one place. People get engaged in burning crackers and children love to burn crackers with their friends and families. This is the day when Hindu goddess Kali is worshipped in some part so of India like West Bengal and in some parts Hindu goddess Lakshmi is worshiped throughout India. People prefer prayers for attainment of healthy, wealth and prosperity in their lives. In some of the households Hindu god Ganesh and Hindu goddess Lakshmi are worshipped for betterment of the household. The businessmen find this day very lucky for opening new accounts. The day is the harbinger of happiness joy and victory. By worshipping the god and goddesses people pray for a better life and prosperity of their near and dear ones.
Diwali or ‘Dhanteras’ is the day when people buy gold or silver as this is considered to be very auspicious. Gold coins, gold and silver jewelleries are bought by people. The dark night of amavasya is converted to a night full of light with the help of diyas and candles. You can see the sky is full of cracker blooms. Rangolis are created in each and every house and girls and boys dress their best for this occasion. This is the festive period when people love to shop a lot as a lot of offers and discounts are given by the shops in each and every part of India.
Depending on the regions prayers are offered to the deities for attainment of health, wealth, peace, knowledge, fame and valour in their lives.
Diwali is celebrated every year with great joy and happiness. It is celebrated all over the world. Diwali is the festival of candles, lights, gifts and crackers. People clean their homes, make rangoli and exchange gifts with their friends and relatives. Every house is decorated with lights, candles, divas and lamps. Thus it is also called “Festival of lights”.
Diwali festival is celebrated for at least five days including Dhanteras, Choti Diwali, Lakshmi Puja or Diwali, Govardhan Puja and Bhai Duj. Every day has its own importance and celebrated in different manner. It falls in the month of October or November every year according to the Hindu calendar. Different people with different religions celebrate this day on their own way.
According to Hindus, on this day Lord Ram came back to their home Ayodhya along with wife Sita and Brother Laxman after 14 years of long exile. At that time, people were so happy that they decorated the whole Ayodhya with lights and oil lamps. Thus that special day has been given the name Deepavali and now termed as Diwali.
According to Sikhs, on this day their sixth guru, Guru Hargobind was released from prison along with 52 Hindu kings from the Gwalior fort. After releasing from the fort, Guru Hargobindji directly go to the Golden Temple in Amritsar where large number of people gathered for their welcome. People decorated whole Darbar Sahib with lamps and candles. From that day, it is celebrated by the Sikhs as Bandhi Chod Diwas all over the world.
Buddhist celebrates this day by praying and decorates Buddhist monasteries and is celebrated as Ashoka Vijayadashami. According to Buddhists, on this day emperor Ashoka converted their religion into Buddhism.
According to Jainism, on this day Lord Mahavira attained Nirvana.
Significance of Diwali
Diwali is a five-day long celebration festival. Every day has its own significance. People buy new clothes, jewellery, car, utensils and gifts for themselves and for their dear ones. It is one of the biggest shopping festivals in India. Many people start their business on this auspicious day.
- On the very first day it is celebrated by the name Dhanteras. On this day people buy new utensils gold or silver coin or jewellery. People believe that any new precious metal or utensil is a sign of good luck. At night, they lighten tiny divas made of clay and sing bhajans.
- Second day is called Choti Diwali or Chaturdashi. According to the Hindu myth, on this day Lord Krishna defeated devil Narakasur. Thus this day has its own religious significance. On this day, large number of devotees takes bath before sunrise.
- Third day is the actual Diwali day. Every one prays to goddess Laksmi for prosperity and wealth. After sunset, Laksmi Puja is performed and all the houses are enlightened with candles and divas. After doing Puja, children start playing with crackers.
- Fourth day is celebrated as Govardhan Puja. On this auspicious day people worship cows.
- Fifth day is termed as Bhai Duj where Bhai means brother and Duj means brothers visit to their sisters house. It comes after the two days of Diwali.
Diwali marks the victory of the good over evil and light over darkness. The festival united the whole of India and people eagerly wait for Diwali each year.
Decorations of Diwali
Diwali is the festival in which we decorate our house with rangoli, candles, divas,
decorative bulbs, lights and lanterns. We try to give new and unique look to our house with white wash and decorate the doors with items related to Diwali. Shops, houses, malls and even small street shops are fully decorated with lights. Some people prefer clay divas in order to celebrate Diwali in a traditional way. Whereas some people opt for Diwali divas of different colours and designs that are easily available in the market. You do not need to add oil in it. These are also available in aromatic smells.
Diwali decoration items are easy to implement and also you can design by yourself. You can make designer rangoli by your own with the help of colours. You can also buy readymade design for rangoli. You can use mango leaves for the decoration of your doors. You can also buy beautiful banners from the market with a swastika made on it or happy Diwali note written on it. Thus there are various options available for you and you have to choose the best to make your Diwali special.
How to decorate in Diwali
Here is a list of some items by which you can decorate your office, shop or home to make it attractive and unique from others.
- You can make use of buntings also called torans to decorate the entrance. This looks nice in order to welcome your guests. You can also use mango or coconut leaves, marigold flowers that are easily available in the market at a very cheap rate. If you want to decorate the entrance by your own you can make use of cardboard and handmade paper, cloth, beads, laces, colours and different paint sample. They are also available in the form of door hangings.
- Candles are highly used to decorate inside and outside the house, gardens and balconies. Today candles are available in different colours, shape and sizes. You can also place these candles in a glass pot filled with water with rose petals floated over the water. It gives royal look. Aromatic and scented candles create soothing and romantic atmosphere. You can use these candles in every room.
- Another way to decorate is to go for lamps or divas. Diwali also known as Deepavali in Sanskrit means row of lamps or divas. These are clay-oil lamps easily available in the market. You can use any vegetable or hair oil with wick made of cotton in these lamps. You can put these divas on balconies, trees or ground as they are available in various size, colour and designs. Other than clay these lamps are also made of marble and glass.
- Rangoli is one of the old and traditional ways to decorate your house. It adds colour to this lightening festival. You can use different colours to make beautiful designs. People make these rangoli at the entrance or at the centre of the house. Floral rangoli is also in demand as for this you can flowers with different colour petals.
So these are the type of decorations that we usually see during this occasion when the whole of India unites together and celebrate this occasion happily.