Golden Temple is also known as the Darbar Sahib or Harmandir Sahib which means the Temple of God. The Golden Temple is an ultimate pilgrimage destination of the Sikhs. It is the major attraction in the city of Amritsar located in Punjab, North India. Not only Sikhs but many tourists from all over the world visit the Golden Temple.
Golden Temple was built in the 16th century by Guru Arjun Dev Ji, he is the fifth Guru among the ten Gurus of the Sikhs. Guru Arjun Dev Ji accomplished the sanctified scripture of Sikhism “Adi Granth” in 1604 which was installed by him in the Golden Temple. After the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book of the Sikhs), Shri Guru Arjun Dev Ji appointed Baba Buddha as the first Granth of the Golden Temple. In the middle of the 18th century the temple was attacked by the Afgans which lead the temple to be rebuilt in 1760.
Apart from the Golden Temple in Amritsar, the city is also known as the land of the Gurudwaras. The position of the Golden Temple in Amritsar holds a precious prestige. The Golden Temple is built in the platform with 67 sq ft that includes the area of the temple which is 40.5 sq ft and the rest of the area is equipped with eye catching allures.
The Golden Temple is spread in a very huge area which not only includes the temple but many tourist attractions such as:
- The Central Sikh Museum
- The Community Kitchen
- Tourist Information Centre
- Diwan hall Manji Sahib
- Ramgardia Bunga
- Karah Prashad
- Historical seat
- Dukh Daily Hukumnama Sri Darbar Sahib
- Ber Baba Budha JI
- Nishan Sahib
- Darshan Deori
- Lachi Ber
- Akal Takhat Sahib
- Bunga Baba Deep Singh
- Har Ki Paudhi
- Thara Sahib
- 1984 Memorial
- Ath Sath Tirath
- Pinni Prashad
- Dukh Bhanjani Beri
- Gurudwara Baba Atal Rai
- Gurudwara Bibi Kaulan Ji
- The office of S.G.P.C
- Sikh Preference Library
- Guru Granth Sahib Research Centre
- Sikh History Research Board
The Golden Temple is not only the religious place of the Sikh but it is also a symbol of brotherhood to the world. Anyone from any part of the world can visit the temple and is welcomed equally as any Sikh is welcomed. The Golden Temple was first founded by the fourth Guru Shri Guru Ram Das in 1574 and later in 1604 it was designed by the fifth Guru Shri Guru Arjun Dev Ji which was completed with the installation of the Holy Scripture “Adi Granth”. Shri Guru Ram Das Ji excavated a tank which was known as Amritsar, which means the pool of the Nectar of Immorality and thus the city was named Amritsar. The Gurudwara is built in the middle of the tank that was excavated by the fourth Guru of the Sikhs. The tank is known as the Amrit Sarovar.
The temple has four doors to get in which is designed to symbolize the openness of the Sikhs for all people no matter any religion. The Gurudwara was later rebuilt in 1764 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with the togetherness of other Sikh Misls. During the early 19s Maharaja Ranjit Singh played a major role in securing the Golden Temple and covering it with gold and so it was known as the Golden Temple in English.
The construction of the Harmandir Sahib had a main intention of building a worship place for both male and females from all the religions and from all the walks of life to worship the Almighty God equally. The number of people who visit the Harmandir Sahib daily for worship are over 1,00,00. The kitchens of the Golden Temple are the world’s largest free kitchens.
The person visiting the Golden Temple should keep in mind the following points:
- The person should maintain the purity of the body which refers to cleanliness of the body
- Remove shoes while entering the temple
- Cover the head which is the sign of respect
- No drinking of alcohol, eating meat, smoking or drugs inside the temple.
- While listening to the Gurbani a person should sit on the ground inside the Darbar sahib