At the beginning of his public ministry, Jesus travelled all through Galilee, teaching everywhere, proclaiming the Good News and curing people with all kinds of infirmities and problems.
Some of his main teachings are as follows:
The Sermon on the Mount
Seated on a mountain, Jesus preached:
There are some of you who are blessed. Those who are poor in spirit will inherit the Kingdom of heaven. The gentle will inherit the earth. Those who are mourning will be comforted. Those, who hunger for uprightness, shall receive their full. The merciful shall have mercy shown unto them. The pure in heart will get to see God. The peacemakers will be acclaimed as children of God. Those who are persecuted for the sake of God will possess the Kingdom of Heaven.
He also called all those blessed who will be persecuted in his name: they will have a great reward in heaven.
Love Thy Enemies
One of the central teachings f Jesus is to ‘love thy enemies’. In return for a curse, one must answer with a blessing. You must also repay those who ill-treat you by praying for them. Jesus goes as far as saying if anyone slaps you on one cheek, also offer the other cheek to be slapped. If someone asks you for a cloak, give him your tunic.
He exhorts all to do good without any hope of return. He also asks one and all not to judge or condemn others: you will be judged and condemned in return. The standard one uses towards others will be the standard used for you.
He points out that most of us are quick to point out the splinter in other’s eyes while failing to recognize the log in yours.
Jesus also says if one has a grouse against another, first forgive and be reconciled with him before you bring your offering to the altar.
According to Jesus, while doing good deeds, you must not flaunt your righteousness before others. He says, “Your left hand must not know what your right hand is doing.”
When his disciples argued among themselves on who is the greatest among them, Jesus emphasized that if anyone wants to be first, he must make himself last of all and servant to all.
On the topic of humility, he recounted a parable. Two persons went to pray at the temple; one a tax collector and the other a Pharisee. The Pharisee offered this prayer: Thank you God, that I am not sinful unjust and adulterous like others such as this tax collector. I do fast twice a week, and I spend a lot of my income on charitable causes. The tax collector, on the other hand, found it difficult to raise his eyes towards the altar and beat his breast saying, “God, show mercy to me, a poor sinner.” Naturally God was much pleased with the tax collector rather than the Pharisee. For, Jesus says, “Everyone who raises himself will be humbled, but anyone who is humble will be raised up” (Luke 18:14).
These are some of the important lessons preached by Jesus.