Konark is a residential area in the Puri locale in the state of Odisha, India. It lies on the coast by the Bay of Bengal, 65 kilometers from the capital of the state, Bhubaneswar. It is the site of the thirteenth century Sun Temple, otherwise called the Black Pagoda, inherent dark rock throughout the rule of Narasimhadeva-I. The temple is a World Heritage Site. The temp is presently for the most part in remains, and a gathering of its figures is housed in the Sun Temple Museum, which is controlled by the Archeological Survey of India.
Konark is additionally home to a yearly move celebration called Konark Dance Festival, held each December, dedicated to established Indian move structures, including the customary traditional move of Odisha, Odissi.
The name Konarka is inferred from the Sanskrit word Kona (significance edge) and word Arka (importance sun) in reference to the temple which was committed to the Sun god Surya.
The Sun Temple
The konark Sun Temple was implicit the thirteenth century and outlined as a monstrous chariot of the Sun God, Surya, with twelve sets of ornamented wheels pulled by seven stallions. A percentage of the wheels are 3 meters wide. Just six of the seven stallion still stand today. The temple fell into neglect after an emissary of Jahangir befouled the temple in the early seventeenth century.
Outside the Konark Sun Temple, you go over trees including rosewood, mahogany and eel. In any case, the majority of the piece of the Konark temple came to destroys as a consequence of Kalaphad’s intrusive assault on Odisha (Orissa). This general who had worked under the Sultan of Bengal named Sulaiman Khan Karrani, was a significant reason for ruining the various sanctuaries inherent Odisha (Orissa). In the long run, even today, you run over misshaped pictures and removed stones from the dividers of the Konark temple, Odisha India.
The Konark Sun temple has a place with the Kalingan school of Indian temple building design. The arrangement of the Sun Temple is along the East-West course. The internal sanctum or vimana used to be surmounted by a tower or shikara yet it was flattened in the nineteenth century. The group of onlookers lobby or jagamohana still stands and involves dominant part of the vestiges. The top of the move corridor or mandir has tumbled off. It remains at the eastern end of the remnants on a raised stage.
To the west of the primary temple are the remains of temple no.2 prominently called the temple of Mayadevi, accepted to have been one of the wives of Lord Surya. But the existence of the sun pictures as parsvadevata in-situ show its devotion to the sun god, build earlier than the principle Sun temple. The temple facing east, comprises of a sanctum (deul) and a porch (Jagamohana) standing over a raised stage, façade of which is relieved with ornamentation. The superstructures of the sanctum and porch are missing. The interior of the porch is famous for their sculptural treatment while the sanctum is without any deity. Elaborately, the temple is assignable to around late eleventh century AD.
The small brick temple facing east in south-west corner of the compound was found in 1956 while the sand clearance. Also called temple no.3 is pancharatha on plan. It comprises of a deul and a Jagamohana however with the superstructure is missing and exterior decoration. Pictures of Balarama and two parsvadevatas of Varaha and Trivikrama were uncovered (now showed in Archeological Museum, Konark) demonstrating its Vaishnava association. The temple is datable to around eleventh century A.D.
In 1559, Mukunda Gajapati came to throne in Cuttack. He adjusted himself as an associate of Akbar and a foe of the Sultan of Bengal, Sulaiman Khan Karrani. After a couple of fights, Odisha at last fell. The fall was additionally helped by the inward turmoil of the state. In 1568, the Konark temple was said harmed by the armed force of Kalapahad, a general of the Sultan. Kalapahad is additionally said to be in charge of harms to a few different temples throughout the victory.
As described in Bhavishya Purana and Samba Purana, there may have been a sun temple in the region earlier than current one, dating to the nineteenth century or prior. The books mention three sun temples at Mundira (perhaps Konark), Kalapriya (Mathura), and Multan.
According to the scriptures, Samba, the child of Krishna, was cursed with leprosy. He was guided by the sage, Kataka, to worship the sun god to cure his sustenance. Samba did penance for a long time 12 years in Mitravana close to the shores of Chandrabhaga. Both the real Konark temple and the Multan temple have been credited to Samba.
Near by traveler spots
- Chandrabhaga 3.5 km From Konark Temple
- Ramachandi 8 km From Konark Temple
- Bhagabati Temple, Konark 2 km From Konark Temple
- Kuruma 6 km From Konark Temple
- Puri 35 km From Konark Temple
- Chilika 70 km From Konark Temple
- Gopalpur Beach
- Kenduli Sasan
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