India is the land where Gods themselves find delight. It is a land that each building and temple themselves display the history of India. Among the entire famous temple is one the Tirupati Balaji Temple. The temple is also known as the Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple. It is a Vedic temple that is situated in the hill town of Tirumala which is near Tirupati of Andra Pradesh, India. Tirupati Balaji is a pilgrimage destination for the Hindus. This Tirupati Balaji Temple is religiously important to the Hindus as it is the abode of Lord Vishnu. The temple is said to be the world’s richest temple in terms of donations made by the people visiting it.
The visitors of the Tirupati Balaji Temple are numbered by 50,000 to 100,000 daily. Whereas on special occasions as Brahmotsavam the number of people visiting the Tirupati Balaji Temple count up to 500,000 that makes it the world’s most visited temple. Tirupati Balaji Temple is an ancient temple that is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara and is located on the seventh peak of the Tirumala Hill. He is also known as the Lord of the Seven Hills. The idol inside the Tirupati Balaji Temple makes it awe-inspiring and it is said that all the wishes prayed in front of the Lord becomes fulfilled. The temple is a master piece of the architecture in Dravidian style. It is said that the murti or the deity of Lord Venkateswara will remain firm in the temple during the Kali Yuga.
The architecture used in the construction of the Tirupati Balaji Temple includes:
- Garbha Gruham
- Bangaru Vakili
The monumental tower of the Tirupati Balaji Temple has the golden roof is known as the Vimanam. The deity of Lord Sri Venkateswara is placed inside the Vimanam , Ananda Nilaya Divya Vimana is the place where the deity stands that is beneath a gilt dome. The deity of Lord Venkateswara wears a golden crown that has a large emerald embedded at the front. Lord Venkateswara wears a special diamond crown at special occasions. On his forehead the Lord has a thick Tilaka and his ears are decorated with golden earrings. The body of the Lord is dresses with yellow clothes that are tied with gold string and gold belt with the gold bells. During the 13th century while King Yadava Raja reigned over Vijayanagar the Ananda Nilaya Divya Vimana was covered with gilt made of copper plates which were surmounted with golden vase.
The place where the idol of Lord Venkateswara is placed is known as the Garbha Gruha. It is believed that the idol is self-manifested and is called the Mulaberam. The pilgrims at the Tirupati Balaji Temple are not allowed to enter into the Garbha Gruha.
The architecture of Tirupati Balaji Temple was done by Ramanuja. He was born to a Brahmin Tamil family during 1017 .E in the village of Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu. Ramanuja looked after the worshiping procedures and did other managements of the Tirupati Balaji Temple. The shrine of Ramanuja was built during the 13th century that has two call copper images on it’s beside as the Dvarapalas. Ramanuja also established the Jeeyar Mattam at the age of 23. He is reckoned superior among all the other monks whether in India or in abroad as the Crusader and pioneer of Peace.
The official song master of the Tirupati Balaji Temple was Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya. He was born on 9th May, 1403 and died on 23rd February, 1503. Annamacharya composed over 36,000 keertan song in Telgu. The keertan songs composed by Annamacharya were in the structure of the Carnatic composition of music.
The deities in the Tirupati Balaji Temple are:
- Utsava Beram
- Kautuka Beram
- Snapana Beram
- Bali Beram
The worship in the Tirupati Balaji Temple is done six times in a day which is devoted to Lord Vishnu in Vaikhanasa traditions. The worshiping of Lord Vishnu is done as per the ancient text of the sage Marichi that denotes that the Lord should be worshiped six times in a day. The times of the worshiping are:
- UshaKala Aradhana- this worship should be started and ended before the sunrise
- PrathaKala Aradhana -this worship starts after the sun rises and ends before noon
- Madhyanika Aradhana – this worship starts and ends at noon
- Aparahana Aradhana – this worship starts before the sun starts to set
- SandhyaKala Aradhana – this worship starts and finishes around sunset
- Ardharatri Aradhana – this worship starts at midnight.
Padi Kavali Maha Dwaram
The Padi Kavali Maha Dwara or Outer Gopuram stands on a quadrangular base 38 feet in the direction of south to north and 32 feet on the way to east to West. The entrance in the gopurams is 11 feet .The gate frames, door jams, sills are all finished of thick cut stone. Built for the duration of the late Chola period the Mahagopuram is 50 feet tall it has (almost five storied) and every level has many mini shrines. The inscriptions on the gopuram related to 13th century. There is large number of stucco info of Vaishnava gods like Hanuman, Kevale Narasimha and Lakshmi Narasimha on the gopuram. The gold moulded Ananda Nilayam Vimanam which stands as a exclusive structure in the temple houses the picture of silver coated “Vimana Venkateswara Swamy” who is often measured to be the replica of the main deity. There are about 64 deities imprinted in this golden gopuram. Legends speak regarding the saint Anantalwr crow bar which dug the first soil pit also observable on the door frame in the Mahadwaram. Swamy Pushkarini is the holy temple situated on the North Eastern side of the temple. And it is considered to be the composition of all divine teerthams.
The corridor for circumambulations the temple is called a Prakarams (pathways). The Srivari temple has three pradakshinams. Amid the outermost and inside prakarams is the second lane recognized as the Sampangi Prakaram of which one side is entirely closed to pilgrims. The prakaram is now used as a major store room inside the temple where following the cast iron grills. Commodities are stored after they are transported via an escalator from South Mada Street. Legends say that the prakaram was used earlier to conduct processions of the deities for the period of rainy and trouble some days. The Sampangi Pradakshinam contains numerous interesting mandapams like the Tirumala Raya Mandapam, Ranga Mandapam, Saluva Narasimha Mandapam, Pratima Mandapam, Aina Mahal and Dhvajasthambha Mandapam. Most of these additions to the temple were made during the Vijayanagara rulers Saluva Narasimha Raya and Sri Krishnadeva Raya others.
How to Reach Tirupati
How to Reach Tirupati by Air
Tirupati Airport is located 14 km from the town and has customary flights from Delhi and Hyderabad. It is a domestic air port and Jet Star and Kingfisher have every day flights from Hyderabad, with the exception of on Tuesdays and Indian Airlines works day by day flights from New Delhi. The air port has one terminal.
How to Reach Tirupati by Rail
Tirupati Railway Station is spotted in the town itself on Katpadi-Renigunta rail course. There are train connections like Kanyakumari Express, Ernakulam-Hyderabad Sabari Express, Tirupati Express, Krisna Express and Venkatadri Express from numerous places in the area including Hyderabad, Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore.
How to Reach Tirupati by Bus
There are a lot of bus transport connection from inside Andhra Pradesh and from Tamil Nadu. Express transports are much speedier than the customary mixture. Taxicabs are an agreeable street travel choice however to some degree costly. The separation from Chennai is 137kms and driving time is around 3 hours by street.