When Jesus Christ taught and preached to the simple, uneducated people around him, he often used the method of parables. Parables are short, simple stories but which carry great moral value. Jesus often expressed great and significant ideas through his stories called as parables.
Here are some famous parables given by Jesus:
- Parable of the Sower:
A farmer decided to sow seeds in his field. When he sowed, some seeds fell on the edge of the path and were eaten by birds. Others fell on rocky patches where there was less soil. They grew up immediately as the earth was shallow; but when the sun rose, these seedlings were scorched. Yet others fell among thorns, and when the thorns grew, they were choked. But some fell on rich soil that produced their yield, some thirty, some sixty and some hundred fold.
Jesus explains this parable. The seed that fell on the path side is the message of God heard by people, who were slow to understand and which were carried away by Satan symbolized by birds. The seed sown on paths of rocks are people, who welcome gladly the word of God but since the word does not produce deep roots in them, and when any persecution or problem comes, they are scorched: they fall or wither away. The seeds sown among thorns are ones that who hear the message, but the temptation of riches and worldly worries choke them, resulting in nothing. The seed, which falls in rich soil, is the word of God heard by people, who understand it and produce good works by a hundredfold.
- Parable of the Darnel:
The Kingdom of God is like a person, who first sowed good seeds in his field. In the night, when all were asleep, Satan came and distributed darnel in the field and went away. When the wheat grew ripe, the darnel grew along with it. His servants approached the man and said, “Master, you had sown good seed, where did the darnel come from?” The man told them he suspected the enemy did it. The servants enquired whether he wanted them to weed it out. But the man said not to do this, as by pulling out the darnel, some good wheat may also be pulled out by accident. He said, “Let them grow till harvest after which I will tell the reapers to first collect the darnels and burn it. After this, gather the wheat into my barn.”
Jesus explained this parable. The Son of Man is the sower of the good seed. The darnels are subjects of Satan, and the enemy, who sowed it, is the Devil. The angels are the reapers. When it is harvest time or the Judgment Day, the angels will separate the good and evil persons. The evil ones will be cast into hell into its blazing furnace. The good wheat or the upright will glow similar to the sun.
- Parable of the Wicked Tenant:
There was a landlord, who built a vineyard, fenced it, erected a tower within it and established a wine press. He leased this property to tenants and went on a trip, abroad. When the vintage time had come, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect the produce. But the tenants seized his servants- stoned one, thrashed another and killed a third. The next time, the landlord sent a bigger contingent of servants, but the tenants did the same to them. Finally, he sent his son, thinking the tenants will at least respect him. But the tenants thought that by killing the son, they could take ownership of the land. So they seized the son and killed him. Finally, the landlord expelled the tenants from the land and gave it to others, who would deliver the produce to him, on time.
The parable means that the landlord is God. His tenants are we people who are entrusted with his kingdom. God sends to the tenants, his servants who are the prophets. Finally, he sends his son. The wicked people even stoop down to kill the son of God. God finally says that the Kingdom of God will be taken away from this worthless generation and given to those who produce good fruit.
Parable of the Ten Wedding Attendants:
Jesus cites an example of the Kingdom of Heaven with a story. Ten wedding attendants carrying their lamps wanted to meet and glorify the bridegroom. Of these, five were wise and five unwise. The unwise ones despite having lamps failed to carry oil with them. The wise ones took their lamps along with pitchers of oil. The bridegroom happened to be late, and all attendants fell asleep. At night, they rose from sleep, hearing a cry saying, here is the bridegroom! Then all got ready and tried to trim their lamps. The unwise ones requested the wise ones to give them some oil. But the latter refused saying that the oil they had may not be sufficient for all and the better idea is that they buy some oil for themselves. The unwise ones went back to buy oil and mean time, the bridegroom arrived. The door opened to welcome the wise attendants, who went inside the hall and the door was shut. The unwise attendants arrived later and requested them to let them into the hall. But the bridegroom refused saying that he did not know them.
This parable says that Jesus is the bridegroom and all who are waiting for his second coming must be prepared to greet him in time with good works. So he says, “Stay awake because no one knows the day or hour when the bridegroom will come.”
These are a sample of his parables where Jesus explained the nature of the Kingdom of God. With such sweet little stories, the least intelligent of people are exposed to great truths.