India is the only country where all the festivals are celebrated together. Diwali is one of the Indian festivals which are celebrated every year by all the religions with same joy and happiness. Diwali comes in the month of October or November on the full moon day i.e. on kartik amavsya. It marks the beginning of winter season as after this festival rainy season comes to an end. During this festival the weather is very pleasant as it is not too hot or too cold. It is celebrated by decorating shops, homes, offices and streets with lights, candles and divas. People make multi coloured rangolis with dry colours and flowers outside their home in order to welcome their friends and relatives. Children enjoy this festival by playing with crackers. Every place is decorated with lights and thus this festival is popularly known as “Festival of Lights”.
Diwali is 5 day long festival- Dhanters, Naraka Chaturdasi, Diwali, Govardan puja and Bhai dooj and each day has its own importance and significance.
Different types of puja on Diwali
Lakshmi puja: Lakshmi puja is done on the third day i.e. on the main day of the festival. This puja is performed everywhere after the sunset. It is believed that, on this day Goddess Lakshmi comes to their house and bring wealth and good fortune for them. Before puja, clean the house properly and sprinkle holy water also called Amrit or Ganga jal. People draw beautifully designed rangoli in order to welcome Goddess Lakshmi. Light all the candles and divas to spread light and remove darkness. At the time of puja, spread new cloth at the place of puja. Place grains in the centre of the cloth. Above the grains, place kalash half filled with water. On the top of the kalash, place five different kinds of leaves. Prepare puja thali by placing diva, some haldi, kumkum and few rice grains. Place the idols of Ganesh ji and Lakshmi ji. Start puja by singing bhajans and aarti. Apply haldi and kumkum paste along with rice on kalash and idols. At last offer sweets to the family members in the form of Prasad.
Kali puja: Kali puja is done on the day of Diwali especially in Assam and Bengal. It is believed that Maa Kali helps to destroy ego and all the negatives wipes from home or life of the person. Maa kali destroy evils from inside and outside. This puja is also done in order to gain wealth, happiness, prosperity and health. Tantriks on this day performed puja only at the midnight.
New Year puja: Diwali marks the beginning of the New Year and celebrated by the Marwari’s and Gujarati’s. They start new business and open new account books on this day.
Ganesh puja: Ganesh puja is also done along with Goddess Lakshmi on the eve of Diwali. During this puja, idol of Ganesh ji is placed on the right side of the kalash. Ganesh ji is worshiped as they are termed as the Lord of wisdom who remove all the obstacles from our life.
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