Goddess Anjana is one of popular personality in the Ramayana and is the mother of Lord Hanuman who is considered as the god of monkeys. According to the Hindu mythology, goddess Anjana was a beautiful nymph whose name was Punjikastala. She is also regarded as the goddess of joy and long life. The name Anjana depicts to the meaning ‘ Gracious Gift of God’.
She once made an interruption in the meditation of a powerful sage and was cursed by the sage that she will be reborn as half monkey and half human being.
After being cursed, she pleaded for forgiveness and asked the sage to reduce the duration of the curse and give her the power to change her appearance to human being according to will. The sage told her that she would be free from this curse after giving birth to a son. She came to this earth and was reborn as a monkey in her next life. She then got married to the monkey chief named Kesari. Since then, they lived happily. Kesari was well known for bravery and as a warrior. God of wind Vayu carried the divine power of God Shiva to the womb of goddess Anjana and later on Hanuman was born who was an incarnation of God Shiva. Hanuman being the son of goddess Anjana is also referred to as Anjaneya.
Origin of Goddess Anjana
Renuka Raja, the father of Renuka once performed a yagna to maintain good health and peace of mind. He got the blessings in the form of a daughter who originated from the yagna. When she was eight years old, the guru of Renuka Raja named Agastya advised to get his daughter married to Jamadagni after she gets matured. Jamadagni was the son of Ruchik Muni and Satyavati. When Renuka was born, Renuka Raja was also blessed with another daughter who later on became popular as goddess Anjana and is believed to be incarnation of Goddess Durga.
Goddess Anjana wanted Lord Shiva as her son. She decided to worship and pleases Lord Shiva and set up to start meditation. Anjaneri Mountain is the place where goddess Anjana meditated and worshipped to Lord Shiva to get a boom for the divine god Shiva. Lord Shiva was pleased with the devotion of goddess Anjana and granted the boon she sought.
Another belief says that goddess Anjana was worshipping Lord Shiva. At that very time King Dasharath, the king of Ayodhya was performing a ritual named Putrakama yagna so as to have children. At this he received some amount of sacred pudding which was to be shared in between his three wives. A kite snatched some fragment of that pudding and dropped that part while flying over a forest where goddess Anjana was engaged in meditation. The Hindu deity Lord Vayu delivered that falling pudding into the outstretched hands of Anjana. She then consumed it and Lord Hanuman was born out of her.
Goddess Anjana is worshiped by many devotees especially by the female who are childless and wants to have children.