Saraswati, many occasions spelled Sarasvati, is a Sanskrit combination expression of Sara which shows essence, and Sva which means one self, the intertwined word signifying ” essence of one self “, and Saraswati signifying “one who leads essance of self learning”.
It is also a Sanskrit composite word of surasa-vati which signifies “one with a lot of water”.
The word Saraswati seems both as a kind of perspective to a revier and as a important diety in the Rigveda. In beginning passages, the word refers to Sarasvati River and specified with other northwestern Indian rivers, for example, Drishadvati. Saraswati then suggests a river diety. In Book 2, Rigveda calls Saraswati as the best of mothers, of rivers, of goddesses.
Maa Saraswati, the deity of art and knowledge depicts the free flow of awareness and intelligence. She is also remembered as the deity of speech and sound. She is as fresh as a flower, the snow and the moon. Maa Saraswati is additionally called Vak Devi, the goddess of speech. For most Indian artists, all workmanship and all new craftsmanship conventions start with Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of craftsmanship. She is the principle goddess of each Indian craftsman.
Goddess Saraswati is garlanded with pure white clothes and holds the Veena in Her hands. She can be seen seated on a white lotus and is always praised by the trinities Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. Saraswati Mata is known for removing lack of knowledge. She is the Devi of learning. The name Saraswati comes from the word saras which means flow and wati means the one who has flow.
She is also known as-
• Sharda (Being the goddess of knowledge who leads seekers from darkness to light and from unawareness to religious upliftment)
• Veena pustaka Dharani (As She hold books and a Veena in Her hands)
• Vaakdevi, Vagdevi and Vani (Being the goddess of speech)
• Varadhanayagi (For bestowing boons to Her devotees).
Maa Saraswati bestows Her devotees with the powers of words, intelligence and knowledge. Her four hands symbolizes four aspects of human personality in learning i.e. mind, intelligence, attentiveness and ego. In Her one hand She has holy scriptures and in the second She Holds a lotus that represents accurate knowledge.
With Her other two hands She plays the melody of love and life on a musical instrument called the Veena. She is fully clad in white which is the symbol of purity and rides on a white swan that represents Satva Guna or purity and discrimination.
Her physical characteristics can be addressed as-
• White colour apparels represents clean character and perfect mind.
• Upturned white lotus depicts Her to be in search of the radiance of knowledge.
• White swan which is the vehicle of the goddess represents curiosity.
• The Veena signifies accord of all mental strings, agencies and attitudes.
• She is worshiped with Palash, a red odourless flower that is the symbol of being free from rotten preconceptions.
Maa Saraswati personifies purity and knowledge. She seems very beautiful as Her face radiates joy, peace, calmness, and serenity. She always bestows blessing and hope in the hearts of Her devotees. In Her role as a Goddess of knowledge, She always flow water of knowledge on Her devotees. Goddess Saraswati is the consort of Lord Brahma and is honored as His Shakti (power). Lord Brahma created the universe due to Her knowledge. She is a part of the trinities Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvati. All these three forms help Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva in the creation, preservation and destruction of the whole Universe.
She is considered as the Mother of the four Vedas. Saraswati Vandana Mantra is one of the hymns that is dedicated to Her by Her devotees.
Goddess Saraswati’s birthday, known as Vasant Panchami is the Hindu festival that highlights during the spring. This celebration is typically celebrated in Magh, which is between the months of January and February in Gregorian calendar. This festival is celebrated through out India in different way.
Vasant Panchami is a popular festival that denote the end of the winter season and ushers in the springtime. Goddess Sarasvati is the Hindu goddess of the Vasant Panchami celebration. Young ladies wear bright yellow dresses and take part in the festivities. The color yellow holds a unique significance for this festival as it signifies the brightness of nature and the vibrancy of life. The whole place bursts with yellow during the festival.
Deity Saraswati represents the source of wealth related to seeking higher knowledge or wisdom whereas Maa Lakshmi represents material wealth related to body and mind. Those who have knowledge do not have the fate of wealth and vice versa. It is believed in India that Maa Saraswati and Shri Lakshmi never reside together.Thus, one has to sacrifice his bodily comforts in order to achieve higher level of intellect and knowledge.