Hoysaleswara temple is a temple devoted to Hindu god Shiva. It was inherent Halebidu (in advanced Karnataka state, India) throughout the principle of King Vishnuvardhana of the Hoysala Empire in the twelfth century. The development was finished in 1121 CE. Throughout the early fourteenth century, Halebidu was sacked and plundered by Muslim trespassers from northern India and the temple fell into a state of ruin and disregard. Awhile ago known as Dorasamudra or Dwarasamudra, Halebidu is 16 km from Belur, 31 km from Hassan and 149 km from Mysore, in the state of Karnataka, India.
As per symbolization pundit and student of history S. Settar, from contemporary engravings it is realized that the temple infers its name from the Hoysala ruler around then, King Vishnuvardhana Hoysaleswara, however interestingly, the development of the temple was launched and financed by well off Shaiva (a Hindu group) residents of the city, unmistakable among who were Ketamalla and Kesarasetti. The temple developing movement was taken in rivalry to the development of the Chennakesava Temple at Belur, a Vaishnava (a Hindu order) temple. It confronts an extensive tank which was implicit the center of the eleventh century and gained water through channels from an old anecut (dam) constructed over the Yagachi River. The tank went before the temple by about 75 years. It is one of the biggest sanctuaries devoted to the god Shiva in South India.
It is accepted that the temple inferred its name from Vishnuvardhana Hoysaleswara, the directing ruler in those times. Be that as it may, the erection of the temple was begun and supported by the princely Shaiva natives (mostly Ketamalla and Kesarasetti) of Halebid. At the time of development, an extreme rivalry held between Hoysaleswara Temple and Chennakesava Temple at Belur. Hoysaleswara Temple saw strip of plunder and attack by the Muslim intruders in the early fourteenth century. After the stunning episode, the temple was diminished to rubble and fell into the state of sheer disregard.
Hoysaleswara Temple has two hallowed places, one committed to Hoysaleswara and an alternate for Shantaleswara (named after Shantala Devi, monarch of King Vishnuvardhana). Remaining on a raised stage, the temple is made out of Chloritic Schist (Soapstone, otherwise called potstone). Both of the places of worship are placed alongside one another, confronting the east course. The altar involves the Shiva lingam (phallic manifestation of Lord Shiva), the widespread image of Lord Shiva.
The momentous structure of this temple has been acclaimed as an immaculate model of Hindu style of structural engineering. Its structural engineering is frequently viewed as the ‘incomparable peak of Indian construction modeling’. In the outer surfaces, numerous projections and breaks in the dividers make the structure very intricate; rather than it, the insides seem basic. The outside dividers of the temple have a mind blowing grouping of stone models.
Hoysaleswara Temple is especially known for its divider designs that are engraved right from the beginning of the external divider. Opening with a picture of moving Ganesha on the left hand side of the south passage, the arrangement closes with an alternate picture of Ganesha on the right hand side of the north passageway. The entire gathering has at the very least 240 pictures. The most convoluted of all figures, are traceable in the shafts, in excess of two of the passages, one on the southern gateway and other on the eastern entrance.
The inner parts of the temple are plain aside from the machine turned columns that dash in lines flanked by the north and south entryways. Making the bleeding edge of the each one altar, the four columns are the most expand having “madanika” molds in their sections. The gigantic temple has four patios serving as its entryways. For the most part, one and only yard is left open for section that lies in the north.
The superstructure on the holy places is known as ‘Sunakasi’, which used to be a column of ornamented little tops on top of the upper rooms of the lobby, are all wandered off. Indeed the towers of the altars are not there. The temple was built at a tallness to concede sufficient level and vertical space to represent vast and little figures.
Garuda Stambha (Pillar) is a consideration snatching structure of Hoysaleswara Temple. Garudas were known to be the chosen bodyguards of the lords and monarchs. They used to live and move with the Royalty with the sole expect to shield their expert. At the demise of their expert, they conferred suicide. In the southern side, the column shows legends flanking blades and cutting their own particular heads. The engraving on the column celebrates Kuruva Lakshma (bodyguard of Veera Ballala II).