Thiruvanaikaval (additionally Thiruvanaikal, Jambekeswaram) is a celebrated Shiva temple in Tiruchirapalli (Trichy), in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The temple was fabricated by Kocengannan (Kochenga Chola), one of the Early Cholas, around 1,800 years back. It is placed in the Srirangam island, which has the well known Ranganathaswamy temple.
Thiruvanaikal is one of the five significant Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu (Panchabhoota Sthalams) speaking to the Mahabhuta or five incredible components; this temple speaks to the component of water, or neer in Tamil. The sanctum of Jambukeswara has an underground water stream and notwithstanding pumping water out, it is constantly loaded with water.
It is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams, where the greater part of the four most worshipped Nayanars (Saivite Saints) have sung glories of the divinity in this temple. The temple has engravings from the Chola period.
When Parvati ridiculed Shiva’s retribution for wellbeing of the world. Shiva needed to censure her demonstration and guided her to go to the earth from Kailasam (Shiva’s residence) do repentance. Parvathi as Akilandeswari according to Shiva’s wish discovered Jambu woods (Thiruvanaikoil) to direct her repentance. She made a lingam out of water of stream Cauvery (likewise called as waterway Ponni) under the Venn Naaval tree (the Venn Naaval tree on top of the holy person Jambu) and initiated her love. The lingam is known as Appu Lingam (Water Lingam). Siva finally offered darshan to Akilandeswari and taught her Siva Gnana. Akilandeswari took Upadesa (lessons) confronting East from Shiva, who stood confronting west.
There were two Siva Ganas : “Malyavan” and ‘Pushpadanta’. In spite of the fact that they are Siva Ganas they generally squabble with one another and battle for one thing or other. In one battle “Malyavan” reviled “Pushpadanta” to turn into an elephant on earth and the last reviled the previous to turn into an insect on earth. The elephant and the arachnid came to Jambukeswaram and proceeded their Siva adore. The elephant gathered water from waterway Cauvery and led thorough cleansing to the lingam under the Jambu tree (Eugenia jambolana) day by day. The arachnid built his web over the lingam to keep dry leaves from dropping on it and anticipate daylight specifically falling on it. At the point when the elephant saw the web and thought it was clean on lingam. The elephant tore them and cleaned the lingam by pouring water and the practice proceeded day by day. The arachnid got furious one day and creeped into the storage compartment of the elephant and bit the elephant to death, killing itself. Siva, as Jambukeswara, moved by the profound dedication of the two, soothed them from the condemnation.
As a result of making sin by slaughtering the elephant, in the following conception, the bug was conceived as the King Kochengot Chola (kotchengannan cholan significance red-looked at lord) and manufactured 70 temples and this temple is the one among them. Recollecting his hostility with the elephant in his past conception, he assembled the Siva Sannathi (sanctorum) such that not by any means a little elephant can enter. The door on the sanctorum of Jambukeswara is just 4 foot high and 2.5 foot wide.
There was a story behind the lord’s red eyes – When he was in his mother’s womb the castle celestial prophet anticipated a hallowed time to conceive empower the infant’s prosperity. The ruler started giving birth right on time, before the time anticipated by the stargazer. The ruler henceforth advised the servant to hang her upside down for the time to come so she could have a savvy and ethical child who could head the kingdom nobly. This holding up time inside the womb made the infant’s eyes red. In the wake of turning into the ruler, he constructed the temple for Siva and Goddess Akilandeswari for the sake of Aanaikka (elephant ensured) later days it changed to Thiruvanaikovil.
According to Fergusson, the temple surpasses the Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple in design terms, which were both developed in the meantime. There are five fenced in areas inside the temple. The enormous external divider coating the fifth area, known as the Vibudi Prakara, extends over a mile and is two feet thick and in excess of 25 feet high. Legend keeps up that the divider was manufactured by Shiva working with the workers. The fourth region holds a lobby with 796 columns and measures 2436 feet by 1493. It likewise has a little tank encouraged by ceaseless springs. The third fenced in area is 745 feet by 197 encompassed a divider 30 feet high. This territory has two gopurams (passage towers) 73 and 100 feet tall, a coconut thoppu and a little water tank. The second nook is 306 feet by 197, a gopuram 65 feet high and a few little places of worship. The inward most fenced in area measuring 126 feet by 123 has the sanctum.
The sanctum sanctorum is a square structure, discovered freely arranged at the middle of the deepest nook. There is a vimana on the top of the sanctum. The structure is open on three sides, with a shallow canal differentiating it from the circumambulatory way of the deepest walled in area. The sthala-vriksham, or heavenly tree here is the White Jambuka, Syzygium samarangense, discovered developing along the south-eastern divider of the sanctum sanctorum. The storage compartment of the tree is ensured by a walled structure. The western side of the sanctum, from where the god is seen, is nonstop with an expansive shut lobby, the Mukha Mantapa, holding four-columns and lodging a bronze symbol of Nandi. The Mukha Mantapa has an expansive, resplendent western entryway overlaid with silver that structures the chief passage. There are two extra passageways to the Mukha Mantapa on the southern and North Eastern sides also. A set of three steps drop down to the level of the sanctum sanctorum from the Mukha Mantapa. The god is seen through a stone window that structures a vital some piece of the western face of the sanctum sanctorum. The window has nine review openings, accepted to speak to the Navagraha. There is a board in bas-help over the window delineating the sthala puranam: The jambuka tree developing out of a contemplating sage’s head on the amazing right; the linga of Jambukeswarar under the tree; a spider and an elephant worshiping the linga along with the Goddess Parvati who stands to the left of the linga. The sanctum sanctorum is divided into the Ardha Mantapam or Antaralam (whose western wall bears the window) and the Garbha Griha where the deity of Jambukeswarar is housed. Entrance into the Sanctum is through a small door on the southern wall, about 4 feet in height. The Ardha Mantapa is about 4 feet X 4 feet and contains an idol of Goddess Parvati on the right side of the door to the Garbha Griha. Devotees are admitted in groups of six into the Ardha Mantapa during sevas like Abhishekam or on payment of a small fee. The Garbha Griha is a wider structure comapared to the Ardha Mantapa. At the center, the Brahma Sthana, is the self-manifested linga of Jambukeswarar. The upper conical part of the linga is of the color of copper, where as the yoni-bhaga or the pedestal is of black granite. A brass ring is seen at the point of attachment of the linga to the pedestal. The height of the linga is about 3 feet from the floor of the sanctum. The Garbha Griha and the Ardha Mantapa are unadorned from the inside, the only source of illumination within the sanctum being ghee lamps. A stream of water is said to emerge from the linga, which is usually demonstrated as the soaking wet clothes in which it is draped. The water flow increases significantly during the Monsoon. The main deity of the temple is Jambukeswara, representing the element water. Jambukeswara is depicted sitting under a jambu tree, which grows over a small stream that engulfs the deity during the rainy season. The temple is also considered the abode of goddess Akilandeswari, one of the forms of the goddess Parvati. The greatest of works related to this temple include Tiruvanaikaval and Kilvelur Akshyalingaswamy temple.