The temples in India are a part of the ancient culture and the worship place of Hindu religion. Amongst many temples in India, Kashi Vishwanath Temple is historically importance.This temple is dedicated to Lord shiva, and located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. This Kashi Vishwanath Temple shines on the western bank of the holy river Ganga. It is known as Kashi Vishwanath Temple because the entire city or the Temple Town which is being told having a 3500 years of documented history is also known as Kashi. Vishwanatha or Vishweshwara is the main deity of this temple.Vishwanatha means Ruler of The Universe. This Temple is mentioned as the center of worship in the ancient shiva sculpture and so it is a very important temple for all the Shiva devotees. Kashi Vishwanath Temple faced many destructions and reconstructions in the history. The last structure of this temple was demolished by Mughal King Aurangzeb in order to build Gyanvapi Mosque. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple in the present state was built in 1780 by Late Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore.Since 1983, this temple was managed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
The history of this Kashi Vishwanath Temple says that this is one of the twelve Jyothirlingas. Jyothirlinga means ‘The Radiant sign of The Almighty’ which is a mark or sign of lord Shiva.One of the story of it is that Lord Brahma and Vishnu had a debate on who has the supreme power.Lord Shiva tested them by making the three worlds into an endless pillar of light which is the Jyothirlinga. Shiva told them to find the end of Jyothirlinga. And Lord Brahma and Vishnu split their ways.Both returned not seeing the end, but Brahma lied.Then Shiva cursed Brahma that he will not be worshiped till the end of this world.
According to Hindu mythology, there are mainly three fundamental states which are, evolution (Shrishthi), existence (sthiti), and involution (samhara). Each of these are taken care by a god named Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the preserver) and Shiva (the destroyer). They are known as Trinity. We can see that Lord Shiva completes the cycle and a new cycle starts. So Lord Shiva is also known as the destroyer. Unity of three states of the cosmosrepresented by the Linga.Linga consists of three parts. Evolution is represented by the square base of three layers which presents at the bottom, in the middle there is an octagonal round form represents the eight directions, which is the existence or Perseverance and the cylinder top with a spherical end represents Involution which is the completion of cosmic cycles.
It is said that Kashi Vishwanath Temple is visited by great saints other spiritual personalities. The presence of the devotees from all around the globe symbolizes man’s desire to live in peace and harmony with one another. Vishwanath is believed as the supreme repository of the spiritual truth of universal brotherhood and fellow feeling. In the ancient literature, Shiva is said as the savior of the world all the time.
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple structure consists of small shrines located near the river on a small lane called Vishwanatha Galli. The Linga (main deity) of this is 60cm tall and 90cm in circumference and it is housed in a silver altar. This main Kashi Vishwanath Temple is surrounded by shrines of other Gods. Which includeKaalbhairav, Dhandapani, Avimukteshwara etc.The holy well of this temple is called as Gyanvapi and it lies between the temple and Gyanvyapi mosque build by Aurangazeb.There is also a congregation hall.The gold donated by Punjab Kesari Maharaja Ranjeet Singh made the two domes of this temple covered by gold. One dome is not yet covered by gold.
This Kashi Vishwanath Temple has very importance in the Hindu religion because one visit to this temple and the bath in the river Ganges is considered as a path to Moksha (Liberation).This Kashi Vishwanath Temple regarded as one a Hindu should visit at least once in a lifetime. The water in the Ganges is considered as sacred and people from different places come and collect it. The structure of this Kashi Vishwanath Temple is beautifully made and it attracts everyone for its charm. Hundreds of temples of India copied the structure of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple due to its popularity. From all these historical, religious and cultural importance this Kashi Vishwanath Temple shines in the cultural capital of India.