Lord Hanuman, the powerful ape that aided Lord Ram in his journey against evil forces, is one of the most admired idols in the Hindu legends. He is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Shiv and is worshiped as a symbol of physical strength, determination and devotion.
Hanuman is a Hindu god, who was an passionate follower of Rama according to the Hindu legends. He is a vital character in the Indian epic Ramayana and its various versions. He also finds mentions in several other texts, including Mahabharata, the various Puranas and some Jain texts.
A vanara, Hanuman contributed in Rama’s war against the demon king Ravana. Some texts also show him as an incarnation of Lord Shiva. He is the son of Vayu, who as per some stories played a role in his birth.
Lord Hanuman was born as the son of Kesari and Anjani. He belonged to the vanar race and was very powerful and thus was named as Bajarang Bali. He is also known as Pavan-Putra (being son of Vayu), Maruti, Kesari-nandan (being son of Kesari), Anjani-putra and Anjaneya (being son of Anjani).
Lord Hanuman is known for his several attributes, including:
- Manojavam (Due to his quickness of mind).
- Maarutatulyavegam (Due to his speed equal to the wind)
- Jitendriyam (Due to his complete control on his senses)
- Vaataatmajam (Being the son of wind)
- Vaanarayoothamukhyam (Being the chief of vanar army)
- Shreeraamdootam (Being the messenger of Ram)
- Atulit Bal Dhaamam (Being the repository of incomparable strength)
- Hemshailaabh Deham (As his body resembles a golden mountain)
- Danujvan Krushanum (Being the destroyer of forces of demons)
- Gyaaninaam Agraganyam (Being considered foremost among knowledgeable beings)
- Sakal Gun Nidhaanam (Being the repository of all the virtues and good qualities)
- Raghupati Priya Bhaktam (As the dearest of all devotees to Lord Ram) and
- Sankat Mochan (For liberating from dangers)
In the epic Ramayan, the only hero who is the very epitome of devotion and faithfulness is none other than Hanuman. He is the most dedicated devotee of Lord Ram. Deity Hanuman is well known for all of his achievements. As a small boy he mistakes the Sun (Surya) for a fruit. That adventure left him with several boons. Lord Hanuman succeeded in making Surya his teacher. At the child age, Hanuman was able to throw mountains as if they were mere pebbles, could enlarge to the size of the universe, and could carry out feats that no other person could ever dream of. In childish pranks, he would create whirlwinds and disturb the penance of sages. In fear of his immense powers, the sages, in collaboration with Lord Brahma, devised a plan. They cursed Hanuman to forget his powers; and that could be regained only on meeting Lord Ram.
Hanuman met Lord Ram when He and His brother Laxman was wandering in the forest in search for Sita who was abducted by Ravan, the demon king of Lanka. Hanuman helped Lord Ram find Sita. For this sake, he leapt across the entire Indian Ocean, as if in child’s play. On reaching Lanka, he created destruction in the demon city, damaged trees, destroyed demons, consoled Devi Sita, and burnt the city of Lanka. Hanuman returned to Lord Ram with a message from the divine Sita. Hanuman played a major role in the war between Lord Ram and the demons and destroyed the demons, as if they were mere flies. It was with Hanuman’s help that Ram overcame the terrifying demons of Lanka and finally succeeded in rescuing Sita. Lord Hanuman also saved Laxman’s life by bringing the Dronagiri Mountain which had the Sanjivini herb.
Lord Hanuman offered his entire life to Lord Ram. Hanuman’s devotion to Lord Ram can be seen when he tored his heart that holded the images of Ram and Sita, along with Laxman.
Hanuman’s role was not constrained to the Ramayan period. He was as active during the period of Mahabharat and assisted Krishna and Arjun in the war against devil forces. He is so pure and powerful that evil forces flee at the very sound of his name. Lord Hanuman symbolizes strength and success and it is said that wherever there is Hanuman, there is success. By remembering Hanuman, one can achieve wisdom, strength, success, courage, fearlessness, lack of ill health, lack of sluggishness, and oratory skills.
Lord Hanuman Birth Place
There are many locations in India which claimed as the birthplace of Hanuman.
According to a theory, Hanuman was born on Anjaneya Hill, in Hampi, Karnataka. This is situated near the Risyamukha Hill on the banks of the Pampa, where Sugreeva and Rama are said to have met in Valmiki Ramayana’s Kishkinda Kanda. There is a temple that marks the spot. Kishkinda itself is recognized with the contemporary Anegundi taluk in Bellary district of Karnataka.
A small village Anjan, about 18 km away from Gumla, houses ‘Anjan Dham’, which is said to be the birthplace of Hanuman. The name of the village is derived from the name of the goddess Anjani, the mother of Hanuman. Aanjani Guha (cave), 4 km from the village, is supposed to be the place where Anjani once lived. Many objects of archaeological importance obtained from this location are now held at the Patna Museum.
The Anjaneri mount, situated 7 km from Trimbakeshwar in the Nasik district, is also supposed as the birthplace of Hanuman.
According to Anjan Dham, lord Hanuman was born on Lakshka Hill near Sujangarh in Churu district, Rajasthan.
Lord Hanuman Incarnation of Lord Shiva
Some say Lord Hanuman was born as the child of the King and Queen of the Monkeys. To others, he is the child of Anjana, a female Apsara who had been changed into a monkey by a condemnation, and Vayu, the wind god. It is likewise said that from his father Vayu Hanuman got the power to fly.
Anjana, a beautiful Apsara in divine palace court of Lord Brahma was cursed by a sage that, the instant she fell in love she would get to be monkey face. Brahma thought of helping her and she took birth on earth. Anjana met Kesari, the monkey ruler and they both wedded. Being a dedicated devotee of Lord Shiva, she continued doing tapasya. God Shiva was inspired and she wished him to be her child so that she would be get rid of from the curse of the sage. Couple of days after the fact, King Dasrath was performing Yagna after which the sage gave him a kheer to supply all his wives. A segment of Kaushlya, the elder wive’s kheer was grabbed by a kite who flew all the way where Anjana was meditating. God Vayu on the indication of God Shiva kept the kheer in Anjana’s hand. Supposing it as Lord Shiva‘s prasad Anjana ate it and hence was conceived Lord Shiva’s incarnation – Anjaneya the child of Anjana who is extraordinary as Pawan Putra, the child of the Lord Vayu. Vayu’s other name was Maruti thus Hanuman is likewise called Maruti.
How God Hanuman Got his name?
In Sanskrit Hanu means Jaw and man means deformed so Hanuman means distorted jaw. No big surprise, Hanuman’s jaw at childhood was deformed by none other than Lord Indra who had utilized his vajra against Anjaneya, who took sun as a riped mango and even went to follow it up in the sky. It was here in the sky that Lord Indra had utilized his vajra which threw Anjaneya straight on the earth harming his jaw forever.
Why lord Hanuman Once Applied Sindoor All Over His Body?
When Hanuman saw Sita applying Sindoor (Vermillion) in her hair, he asked the reason for the same. Sita replied that it was for long life and well being of Lord Rama, her husband. Lord Hanuman, the biggest devotee of Rama thought if a pinch of sindoor in the hair can increase the longevity of Lord Rama then why not apply on the entire body.
He then applied sindoor all over his body for Rama’s long life. Seeing this innocence and unmatched devotion of Lord Hanuman, Lord Rama gave him a vardan (blessings) that whenever the name of devotion takes place, Hanuman’s name will be taken first. Also, whoever will pay respect to Hanuman on Tuesday, not only will his/her wishes come true but will also be dear to Lord Rama himself.
Lord Hanuman’s Son Makar Dhwaja
The devotees of Hindu Religion know very well that Lord Rama’s greatest loyal and Lord Shiva’s 11th incarnation, Hanuman was a bachelor. Nonetheless, some people know that he had a child as well, whose notice is in the shastras.
When Hanuman dip in the waters of ocean, after burning the complete Lanka with his burning tail, a drop of his sweat fell into mouth of a powerful fish. Out of this the Makardhwaja was conceived.
As indicated by another, somewhat different version, when Hanuman took a dip in ocean, for cooling himself in the wake of burning Lanka; a drop of his seed got released, because of amazing warmth created in his body and work by him, which fell into mouth of a big fish-cum-reptile like animal, whose name was Makardhwaja, hence making it pregnant.
The fish was caught by people of Ahiravana, who ruled Patala, the under world. The Markardhwaja, was found, when stomach of fish was cut open and named after it. Ahiravana, seeing his power & virility gave him occupation of guarding, the doors of his Kingdom.
10 Magical temples of Lord Hanuman
In Kalyuga, the eleventh incarnation of Lord Shiva, Hanuman is worshipped the most. This is the reason Lord Hnauman is likewise accepted to be the living God of this yuga. Whatever may be the issue of devotee, Lord Hanuman quickly solves those issues.
While there are lakhs of temples of Lord Hanuman in India, yet some of these temples are truly extraordinary and have mystical powers and people visit them in millions.
- Hanumangadhi, Ayodhya
- Balaji Hanuman Temple, Mehendipur (Rajasthan)
- Salasar Hanuman Temple, Salasar (Rajasthan)
- Hanumandhara, Chitrakut
- Sankatmochan Temple, Banaras (UP)
- Shri Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar (Gujarat)
- Mahavir Hanuman Temple, Patna (Bihar)
- Hanuman Temple, Allahabad (UP)
- Shri Panchmukh Aanjanayar Swami Ji, Kumbhkonam (Tamil Nadu)
- Shri Kashtbhanjan Hanuman Temple, Sarangpur (Gujarat)
You can download beautiful Lord Hanuman wallpaper and photos from here – Lord Hanuman wallpapers.