Lord Krishna is a beloved God of the Hindus who took ‘avatar’ to cleanse the world of sin, gave us the holy Gita and promised to return whenever evil outweighs the good.
The word Krishna literally means black or dark or someone with a very dark skin.
The primary meaning of the name Krishna is the person who is attractive to everyone. According to Adi Sankara’s, Krishna is the 57th name of Lord Vishnu and means the “Existence of knowledge and Bliss.”
Shri Krishna had a blue skin and He used to wear a yellow silk dhoti and a peacock-feathered crown, with a flute on his lips. Deity Krishna has ever been the perfect ‘Avatar’ of Lord Vishnu whose influence on human beings far exceeds that of any other God incarnate.
Krishna Bhagwan is also known as Govinda, who is the major cause of all causes, the personification of wisdom and selfless action as well as a human liberal and practical thinker with foresight.
Krishna belongs to Dvapar Yug
Deity Krishna belongs to the end of Dvapar Yug. He was born over five thousand years ago in Mathura to Devaki and Vasudeva in the jail of Kansa. Kansa was the demon king of Mathura and mama of the Lord Krishna. Kansa’s sister Devaki was married off to Vasudeva, and on the day of the marriage an akashvani or voice from the sky was heard prophesying that Devaki’s eighth son would be the destroyer of Kansa. The scared Kansa instantly unsheathed his sword to kill his sister but Vasudeva intervened and implored Kansa to spare his bride, and promised to give every new born child to him. The demon king Kansa relented but locked up both Devaki and Vasudeva. When Devaki gave birth to her first child, Kansa came to the prison and killed the newborn. In this way, he killed the first six sons of Devaki and her seventh child was miscarriaged itself. When their 8th child was about to born, Devaki and and her husband Vasudeva started lamenting their fate. Then all of a sudden Lord Vishnu appeared before them and said He himself was coming to liberate them and the people of Mathura. He asked Vasudeva to carry Him to the house of his friend, Nanda in Gokul right after his birth, where Nanda’s wife Yashoda had given birth to a daughter. He was to exchange his son and bring Yashoda’s daughter back to the prison. Lord Vishnu assured him that nothing will bar his way.
Birth of Lord Krishna
At midnight on ashtami, the divine child was born in Kansa’s prison. Recalling the divine instructions, Vasudeva clasped the baby to his bosom and started for Gokul, but found that his legs were in chains. When he jerked his legs they were unfettered. The huge iron-barred doors unlocked and opened up. While crossing river Yamuna, Vasudeva held his child high over his head. The rain fell in torrents and the river was in wave. But the water made way for Vasudeva and astonishingly a five-mouthed snake followed him from behind and provided shelter over the child.
When Vasudeva reached Gokul, he found the door of Nanda’s house open. He exchanged the babies and rushed back to the prison of Kansa with the baby girl. Early in the morning, all the people at Gokul rejoiced the birth of Nanda’s beautiful male child. Vasudeva came back to Mathura and as he entered, the doors of the prison closed themselves.
When Kansa came to know about the birth of a child, he rushed inside the prison and tried to kill the child. But this time the child skipped from his hand and reaching the sky she was transformed into the goddess Yogamaya, who told Kansa, “O foolish! What will you get by killing me? Your archenemy is already born somewhere else.”
In his youth Deity Krishna killed Kansa along with all his cruel acquaintances, liberated his parents from prison, and reinstated Ugrasen as the King of Mathura. The place of His birth is also known as Sri Krishna JanmBhumi.
Lord Krishna protector
Shri Krishna was an enlightening personality. He always played the role of a protector of the exploited. He killed Kansa to liberate his sufferers from cruelty. He befriended the poor; the character of Sudama is a legendary character whose berries he ate. He came to save Draupadi. Lord Krishna is also seen as a playfellow to cowherds at Vrindavan, a loving and giving soul. Deity Krishna also touches upon the spiritual powers of yogic practices. The love of Gopis is delightful which says of the greatness and divinity of Lord Krishna. He is said to create an air of romanticism, charmed the Gopis and overwhelmed them with the tune of his ‘bansuri’. Lord Krishna responded by dancing with Gopis in Ras Leela. The actions in the childhood of Lord Krishna like Kaliya Daman, Mountain lifting by Lord Krishna and others are considered to be holy by the Hindus. He married Rukmini, daughter of King Bhishmaka of Vidarbha. In Vaishnava traditions, Krishna’s wives in Dwarka are assumed to be extended forms of the Goddess Laxmi.
Krishna in Mahabharata
In the Mahabharata, Deity Sri Krishna agreed to be the charioteer for Arjun in the great battle of Kurukshetra. The Bhagavad Gita is the guidance given to Arjun by Lord Krishna before the start of the battle. In it, Lord Krishna explained dharma as something that brought about the good of the individual and society. Devotion, meditation and other religious disciplines replicate in Bhagavad Gita.
In Bhagavad-Gita, Lord Krishna promises: “Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion–at that time I descend Myself. To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I myself appear millennium after millennium.”
In the Bhagavad-Gita, Lord Krishna also explained theistic beliefs in a nutshell, i.e., that the self always exists and can never die, that we’re meant to live in accord with the supreme will, and that He (God) can most easily be known through the process of bhakti-yoga, serving Him with devotion. The Supreme Lord descends from time to time in this material world to restore the teachings of the Vedas.
Lord Krishna is the original supreme person, the Absolute Truth, the ultimate source of all powers and of all other incarnations of God. He said, “When there are clouds of hypocrisy and when the sins turn into the storm, then – my melodious flute takes a form of small spear.”
108 names of lord Krishna
Krishna, Lakshmikantam, Achala, Achyuta, Adbhutah, Adidev, Aditya, Ajanma, Ajaya, Akshara, Anandsagar, Ananta, Anantajit, Anaya, Aniruddha, Aparajeet, Avyukta, Balgopal, Bali, Chaturbhuj, Danavendra, Dayalu, Dayanidhi, Devadidev, Devakinandan, Devesh, Gyaneshwar, Hari, Dharmadhyaksha, Dwarkapati, Gopal, Gopalpriya, Govinda, Hiranyagarbha, Hrishikesh, Jagadguru, Jagadisha, Jayantah, Jayantah, Jyotiraaditya, Amrut, Anaadih, Jagannath, Janardhana, Kamalnath, Kamalnayan, Kamsantak, Kanjalochana, Keshava, Lokadhyaksha, Madan, Madhava, Madhusudan, Mahendra, Manmohan, Manohar, Mayur, Mohan, Murali, Murlidhar, Murlimanohar, Nandgopala, Narayana, Niranjana, Nirguna, Padmahasta, Padmanabha, Parabrahmana, Paramatma, Parampurush, Parthasarthi, Prajapati, Punyah, Purshottam, Ravilochana, Sahasraakash, Sahasrajit, Sahasrapaat, Sakshi, Sanatana, Sarvajana, Sarvapalaka, Sarveshwar, Satyavachana, Satyavrata, Shantah, Shreshta, Shrikanta, Shyam, Shyamsundara, Sudarshana, Sumedha, Suresham, Swargapati, Trivikrama, Upendra, Vaikunthanatha, Vardhamaanah, Vasudev, Vishnu, Vishwadakshinah, Vishwakarma, Vishwamurti, Vishwarupa, Vishwatma, Vrishaparvaa, Yadavendra, Yogi, Yoginampati
Interesting facts about Lord Krishna
1. Shri Krishna was born in Rohini Nakshatra as the eighth child of Devki and Vasudeva.
2. Before the Mahabharatha war, Duryodhana thought to perform a yagna to wish for triumph in the war. To confirm the date of the yagna, he asked Sahadev to suggest the best date for yagna. Sahadev was an extremely knowledgeable man in astrology and was additionally exceptionally honest in his profession that he couldn’t reject Duryodana however he was his enemy. So he suggested Duryodana to conduct the yagna on New moon day. When Pandavas and Krishna knew about this, they were disturbed because the fact that doing the yagna on new moon day would ensure Duryodana’s triumph. Krishna thought about a plan. He began doing pitru tharpan the day before the real New moon day. When Surya and Chandra heard that Krishna is doing the tharpan, came to approach him for clarification for doing it that day rather than the next day. To which Krishna clarified that New moon day is that day when the sun and moon meet up, since the sun (Surya deva) and the moon (Chandra deva) had cone together to meet Krishna, that day was the new moon day and not the following day! Consequently Duryodana couldn’t do the yagna as planned new moon day.
3. Krishna was once incorrectly embroiled of a theft of Syamantaka stone. To prove his guiltlessness, he went looking for the stone and discovered it with Jambavaan’s son (Jambavaan of Ramayana). He then got the stone furthermore wedded Jambavaan’s daughter Jambavathi.
4. Krishna had a sum of 16,108 wives, of which just eight were his royal wives,also known as Ashtabharya,or patrani Rukmini,Satyabhama, Jambavati, Nagnajiti, Kalindi,Mitravinda, Bhadra, Lakshmana).
Rukmini is also thought to be a incarnation of Lakshmi, the goddess of fortune. Shri Krishna wedded her after she sent him a letter to come and kidnap her and save her relatives from a battle. When Krishna was eloping with Rukmini, Rukmini’s sibling Rukmi came and fought, before being defeated by Shri Krishna. His other 16,100 wives were protected from Narakasura. They had been forcibly kept in his royal residence and after Krishna had murdered Narakasura he protected these 16,100 ladies and released them.
5. He was blessed with 80 sons. A few of us know about Pradyumna most of us don’t know His other sons.
6. None of the ancient sacred texts specified about His love with Radha. Every one of us enjoy the romantic scenes of Radha and Krishna however a some specialists say that the sacred texts have not said about their romantic story.
7. Many of us don’t have a clue about that Ekalavya was none other than the cousin of Lord Krishna. The connections between various characters in Mahabharata are extremely fascinating and exciting. As we dig deeper, we discover all the more interesting links between several main characters.
8. Krishna is strange, intelligent, knowledgeable, magnetic and complex. Nobody can understand him totally. One of the amazing facts about Lord Krishna is that He knew the future however never attempted to control or change His own end. That adds philosophical depth to His character.
9. One of the most fascinating facts about Lord Krishna is that once when Arjuna and Krishna fought with one another, Lord Shiva needed to interfere and solved the problem between them. There is a major scene written on the fight yet some of us don’t know that Arjuna and Krishna battled with one another.
10. One of the unknown realities about Lord Krishna is that Hanuman was also present when Bhagvad Gita was described to Arjuna. He was available as an emblem on the chariot’s flag.
11. Sudarshan Chakra was lord Krishna’s powerful weapon. He used it with self control. His weapon resembled a sharp disc with precisely 108 sharp edges to it. Ancient writings regard this weapon as ‘a ultimate weapon’. Krishna used it to restore peace. He battled numerous “asuras” with his chakra.
12. He brought back the son of his guru, Sandipani, who was dead. Consequently he paid his Gurudakshina to Sage Sandipani.
13. Many of us don’t have a clue about that he also brought back the six sons of Devki (seventh and eighth being Balrama and himself) for reunion. Names of these six sons are Smara, Parishvanga, Udgitha, Kshudrabhrit, Patanga and Ghrini.
14. Kansa or Kamsa was Kalanemi in his previous birth. Kalanemi was executed by Lord Vishnu. The six children of Devki were Kalanemi children in his past birth and they were cursed by Hiranykashyap that they would be executed by their dad. Thus Kansa, properly murders six children of Devki in their next birth. The six children of Kalanemi were known by the names of Hamsa, Suvikrama, Kratha, Damana, Ripurmardana and Krodhahanta.